• PRICE: 95€ (approx. $95)

  • LANGUAGE: The course is held in English language

  • SUBTITLES: All videos include English subtitles (closed captions)

  • LEVEL: The course is designed at an introductory level

  • PREREQUISITES: The course does not require any precedent knowledge or requisites

  • SCHEDULE: You are completely independent. Enroll when you want and follow the course according to your agenda

  • STRUCTURE: The course is stuctured in 10 Lessons, subdivided in a variable number of Sections plus other studying material (articles, bibliography, timeline, images etc.). Each Section includes one video. In order to proceed within the course you must complete all Sections of each Lesson including a small assessment quiz

  • LENGTH: To complete the entire course are required approx. 15 hours (videos + readings)

Watch Intro Video

Watch a short introduction to the course

The course includes:

  • Approx. 10 hours of HD video lessons

  • Downloadable readings & other study material

  • Unlimited access to the course for 1 year (365 days)

  • Full access from any device

  • Step-by-step quizzes to assess your comprehension and progress

  • Community forum to discuss topics & issues with the other students

  • CAMNES Certificate of Attendance upon successful completion

Course curriculum

  • 1


    • Understanding the Etruscans: Presentation of the course

  • 2

    Timeline + Etruria General Map

    • Etruscan Civilization Timeline

    • Etruria General Map

    • Course Readings bibliography

  • 3

    LESSON 1 - Introduction

    • L1S1 - Geography of Etruria

    • L1S2 - The Chronological Framework

    • L1S3 - Sources of Information

    • L1S4 - The Beginning of Etruscan Studies

    • Etruscology: its Origins and Develop (C. Smith)

    • The Ever Elusive Etruscan Egg (C. Pieraccini) - An Example on how sources can solve archaeological enigmas

    • Lesson 1 - Assessment Quiz

  • 4

    LESSON 2 - The Villanovan Period and the Debate Around the Origins

    • L2S1 - The Debate around the Origins: The Ancient Authors

    • L2S2 - The Contemporary Debate

    • L2S3 - Villanovans: Early Discoveries and Observations

    • L2S4 - Villanovan Tombs

    • L2S5 - Villanovan Huts

    • On Etruscan Origins, Again (G. Camporeale)

    • Beginnings. Protovillanovan and Villanovan Etruria (S. Stoddart)

    • Lesson 2 - Assessment Quiz

  • 5

    LESSON 3 - The Orientalizing Age

    • L3S1 - General Features

    • L3S2 - Monumental Funerary Architecture

    • L3S3 - Inside the tombs: The Luzurious Grave Goods

    • L3S4 - Domestic and Religious Architecture

    • L3S5 - The Banquet

    • Death and Burial (A. Naso)

    • Families, Feasting, and Funerals: Funerary Ritual at Ancient Caere (L. Pieraccini)

    • Lesson 3 - Assessment Quiz

  • 6

    LESSON 4 - The Archaic Age

    • L4S1 - Socio-economic Changes

    • L4S2 - The City

    • L4S3 - The Tombs

    • L4S4 - Resources of Etruria: The Minerals

    • L4S5 - Resources of Etruria: Viticulture

    • L4S6 - Ancient Ceramic Production and Bucchero Ware

    • The Apogee of Etruscan Thalassocracy and the Confrontation with Greece (580-450 BCE) (A. Maggiani)

    • The Process of Urbanization of Etruscan Settlements from the Late Villanovan to the Late Archaic Period (End of the Eighth to the Beginning of the Fifth Century B.C.): Presentation of a Project and Preliminary Results (S. Steingräber)

    • Lesson 4 - Assessment Quiz

  • 7

    LESSON 5 - Etruscans Outside Etruria

    • L5S1 - Trading Routes in the Archaic Age

    • L5S2 - Etruscans in Europe

    • L5S3 - Etruscans in the Bay of Naples

    • L5S5 - Etruscan Grand Tour

    • L5S4 - Etruscans in the Po Valley

    • Northward Expansion from Etruria (S. Haynes)

    • The Etruscans and the Mediterranean (G. Camporeale)

    • Lesson 5 - Assessment Quiz

  • 8

    LESSON 6 - Etruscans in Rome

    • L6S1 - Etruscans in Latium

    • L6S2 - Etruscans Kings in Rome

    • L6S3 - Tanaquil the Queen and the Condition of Women in Etruria

    • L6S4 - The Insigna of Political and Religious Power

    • L6S5 - The National Etruscan Museum of Villa Giulia

    • Tanaquil. The Conception and Construction of an Etruscan Matron (G.E. Meyers)

    • Evocatio and Transfer of Juno Regina from Veii (R.A. Isaenko)

    • Lesson 6 - Assessment Quiz

  • 9

    LESSON 7 - Religion

    • L7S1 - The Etruscan Discipline (Etrusca Disciplina)

    • L7S2 - The Origins and the Creation of the Pantheon

    • L7S3 - The Locations of Religious Practices

    • L7S4 - The Ritual Practices

    • L7S5 - The Haruspex and the Divination Practices

    • L7S6 - Human Sacrifices and Black Magic in Etruria?

    • Sacred Architecture and Religion of the Etruscans (G. Colonna)

    • Lesson 7 - Assessment Quiz

  • 10

    LESSON 8 - Classical Age and Hellenistic Age

    • L8S1 - The Fifth Century Crisis

    • L8S2 - The Hellenistic Age in Etruria

    • L8S3 - The Hellenistic Tombs and the Case of Sovana

    • L8S4 - The Etruscan Road Network and the Vie Cave (Quarry Roads)

    • L8S5 - The Hellenistic Pottery in the CAMNES Lab and the Archaeological Project in Tuscania

    • Crisis and Renewal. The Fifth and Fourth Centuries (S. Haynes)

    • Reflections from the Tomb: Mirrors as Grave Goods in Late Classical and Hellenistic Tarquinia (A. A. Carpino)

    • Lesson 8 - Assessment Quiz

  • 11

    LESSON 9 - Art and Language

    • L9S1 - Etruscan Art: A Critical Approach

    • L9S2 - Sculpture

    • L9S3 - Funerary Paintings

    • L9S4 - Language and Epigraphy

    • L9S5 - The Longer Texts

    • Etruscan Art or Art of the Etruscans? (M. Harari)

    • The Lead Plaque of Magliano (L. Bouke van der Meer)

    • Lesson 9 - Assessment Quiz

  • 12

    LESSON 10 - The Romanization

    • L10S1 - Cultural, Social and Linguistic Aspects

    • L10S2 - The Military Steps

    • L10S3 - Colonies and Roads

    • L10S4 - The Legacy

    • The Romanization of Etruria (L. Ceccarelli)

    • The Name-Changes of Legendary Romans and the Etruscan-Latin Bilingual Inscriptions: Strategies for Romanization (G. D. Farney)

    • Lesson 10 - Assessment Quiz

  • 13


    • Final Exam Questions

Main learning outcomes

  • Hystory & Culture

    Learn about one the most important European civilizations, their main cultural traits, the challanges that scholars are still facing and how they influenced Roman culture as well as contemporary Western society

  • Archaeology

    Discover the main Etruscan sites, the funerary contexts and the material culture of one of the most fascinating ancient civilizations of the world

  • Anthropology

    Understand the social mechanisms & dynamics of classical cultures, how they interacted and how they influenced contemporary society

Meet your instructor

Senior Lecturer

Silvia Nencetti

She graduated at the University of Florence in 2008 (major in Etruscan Studies), and in 2010 she took a postgraduate degree in Classical Archaeology at the Scuola di Specializzazione in Beni Archeologici, University of Rome “La Sapienza” (PhD equivalent in Italy). She also took the Certification in Italian Language Teaching Competence (DITALS I, University of Siena), and she met the requirements to teach Art History in Italian high schools. She has been a licensed hiking guide since November 2020. She worked as a guide and museum educator at the Museo Archeologico “Francesco Nicosia” (Artimino, PO), and Museo Archeologico del Chianti Senese (Siena). She has been collaborating with CAMNES/LdM since 2005. She took part in many CAMNES projects and events, such as the first edition of the CAMNES Archaeological Lectures (“Rasenna: Capire gli Etruschi”), the archaeological map of the Florentine area, the CAMNESforKIDS project (archaeological lectures and activities to be presented in Italian schools), the Workshop “Archeologia a Firenze: Città e Territorio”, the exhibition “Reflections of a Society: Telephus Mirror and other Grave Goods from the Etruscan necropolis of Macchia della Riserva (Tuscania, VT)”. She was vice director in CAMNES Excavation Project of Accesa in June 2010 and 2011, and of the Excavation Project of Tuscania from 2010 to 2018. In Spring 2014 she was visiting professor (Italian Language and Culture) at Marist College, Poughkeepsie, NY. She currently teaches several Ancient Studies classes in Florence at LdM/CAMNES including “Florentia: Ancient Roots of Florence”; “Archaeology Workshop”; “Wine Roots: From Enotria to Chianti”; “Museums and the Public”; “Archaeology Field School”; “Greeks, Etruscans, Romans”.

- Course enrollment -

Start your journey in the land of Etruria and deepen your knowledge on the history, archaeology and cultural roots of ancient Italy